My work focuses on the value of neuropsychological assessment in predicting clinically-relevant outcomes such as functional independence, subjective well-being, community integration, and the quality of interpersonal relationships. I also examine the properties of tests to improve their validity and refine our understanding of their limitations. Much of our work examines longitudinal outcomes of people with traumatic brain injury (TBI), but we also have current projects focused on adults with hearing loss and multiple sclerosis. Historically, we have also studied attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, major depression, and other populations. Some of our recent projects have examined cognitive correlates of experienced and expressed emotion; assessment of effort and performance validity in cognitive evaluations; predictors of patient, caregiver, and family well-being; and psychosocial and neuroanatomical correlates of psychological resilience. We also completed a series of studies examining fitness to drive a motor vehicle using neuropsychological testing, on-road evaluations, and state-of-the-art driving simulator paradigms. Underlying themes of these projects focus on the role of awareness of deficit as a moderator of outcome.
Research interest(s)/area of expertise
Clinical psychology, psychological assessment, clinical neuropsychology, rehabilitation neuropsychology
- B.A. (with highest distinction) The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1982. Phi Beta Kappa
- M.A., Psychology (Clinical) The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1987
- Ph.D., Psychology (Clinical) The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 1992
- Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Psychology Intern) West Los Angeles, California (APA Accredited), 1990
- Postdoctoral Fellowship in Clinical Neuropsychology (2 years training) Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, California, 1992-1993
- Licensure: State of Michigan (Clinical Psychologist)
Awards and grants
Selected Grants in the Past 5 Years
Agency: National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR). Visual gaze and validity of cognitive evaluations. PI. 9/30/2015 – 09/30/2018 ($582,076).
Agency: National Institute on Independent Living, Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR). Southeastern Michigan Traumatic Brain Injury System: A Model System of Comprehensive Care for Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury. Co-investigator (R. Hanks, WSU/RIM PI) 2017 - 2022 ($2,200,000).
Agency: National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). Prevention of Long-term Consequences of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Co-PI (R. Hanks, WSU/RIM, PI). 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2016 ($591,060).
Agency: National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). The Menopause Transition in Women with Traumatic Brain Injury. Co-investigator (C. Kalpakjian, University of Michigan, PI). 10/01/2013 – 09/30/2016 ($594,035).
External Grants for Student Research Mentored: 21.Selected recent:
Agency: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan. Detecting Simulated Versus Bona Fide Traumatic Brain Injury Using Pupillometry. Faculty mentor (Sarah D. Patrick, PI). ($3000) 2019
Agency: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan. Perspective-Taking and Relationship Quality in Traumatic Brain Injury and Caregiver Dyads. Faculty mentor (Monica De Iorio, PI). ($3000) 2019
Agency: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan. Predictors of Cognitive Reserve in Multiple Sclerosis. Faculty mentor (Jeremy G. Grant, PI). ($3000) 2018
Agency: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan. Multicultural and Single-Cultural Facial Recognition Memory Among Black and White Adults. Faculty mentor (Lauren J. Radigan, PI). ($3000) 2018Agency: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan. Race and Emotion Perception in Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury. Faculty mentor (Nia M. Billings, PI). ($3000) 2017
* Note: Bold type denotes student in Rapport’s lab.
Rapport, L., & Suhr, J. (2019). Editorial Policy I. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 41(5), 443-444. doi:10.1080/13803395.2019.1603583
Williams, M.W., Rapport, L.J., Hanks, R.A., & Parker, H.A. (2019). Engagement in rehabilitation therapy and functional outcomes among individuals with acquired brain injuries. Disability and Rehabilitation, 1-9. [Epub ahead of print.] doi:10.1080/09638288.2019.1613682
De Iorio, M.L., Rapport, L.J., Wong, C.G., & Stach, B.A. (2019). Characteristics of Adults With Unrecognized Hearing Loss. American Journal of Audiology, 28(2), 384-390. doi:10.1044/2019_aja-18-0152
Rapport, L.J., Wong, C.G., & Hanks, R.A. (2019). Resilience and well-being after traumatic brain injury. Disability and Rehabilitation, 1-7. [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1080/09638288.2018.1552327
Hanks, R.A., Rapport, L.J., Millis, S.R., & Pearson, C. (2019). Outcomes after Concussion Recovery Education: The effects of litigation and disability status on maintenance of symptoms. Journal of Neurotrauma, 36(4), 554-558.
Wong, C.G., Rapport, L.J., Billings, B.A., Stach, B.A., & Ramachandran, V. (2019). Hearing loss and verbal memory assessment among older adults. Neuropsychology, 33(1), 47-59.
Kanser, R.J., Rapport, L.J., Hanks, R.A., & Bashem, J.R. (2019). Detecting malingering in traumatic brain injury: combining response time with performance validity test accuracy. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 33(1), 90-107. doi: 10.1080/13854046.2018.1440006.
Parker, H.G., Rapport, L.J., Williams, M.W., Hanks, R.A., Lumley, M.L., & Bogg, T. (2018). Health self-efficacy, health behaviors, and functional independence after acquired brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63(4), 595-603.
Ziadni, M.S., Carty, J.N., Doherty, H.K., Porcerelli, J.H., Rapport, L.J., Schubiner, H., & Lumley, M.A. (2017). A life-stress, emotional awareness and expression interview for primary care patients with medically unexplained symptoms: A randomized controlled trial. Health Psychology, 37(3), 282-290. doi: 10.1037/hea0000566.
Kanser, R.J., Rapport, L.J., Bashem, J.R., Hanks, R.A., & Miller, J.B. (2017). Strategies of successful and unsuccessful simulators coached to feign traumatic brain injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 31(3), 644-653. DOI: 10.1080/13854046.2016.1278040
Wong, C., Rapport, L.J., Meachen, S-J, Hanks, R.A., & Lumley, M.A. (2016). Behavioral inhibition and activation systems in traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 61(4), 397-407.
Hanks, R.A., Rapport, L.J., Waldron-Perrine, B., & Millis, S.R. (2016). Correlates of resilience in the first five years after TBI. Rehabilitation Psychology, 61(3), 269-276.
Greene, H.A., Rapport, L.J., Millis, S.R., Hanks, R.A., & Williams, M.W. (2015). Rasch analysis of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations in individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 96(4), 659-66.
Briceño, E.M., Rapport, L.J., Kassel, M.T., Bieliauskas, L.A., Zubieta, J-K., Weisenbach, S.L., & Langenecker, S.A. (2015). Age and gender modulate the neural circuitry supporting facial emotion processing in adults with major depressive disorder. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23(3), 304-313.
Bashem, J.R., Rapport, L.J., Miller, J.B., Hanks, R.A., Axelrod, B.N., & Millis, S.R. (2014). Comparisons of five performance validity indices in bona fide and simulated traumatic brain injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 28(5), 851-875.
Hanks, R.A., Rapport, L.J., Waldron-Perrine, B., & Millis, S.R. (2014). The role of character strengths in psychosocial outcome after moderate to severe TBI: A positive psychology study. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 95(11), 2096-2102.
Williams, M.W., Rapport, L.J., Millis, S.R., Hanks, R.A. (2014). Psychosocial outcomes after traumatic brain injury: life satisfaction, community integration and distress. Rehabilitation Psychology, 59(3), 298-305.
Hijazi, A.M., Lumley, M.A., Ziadni, M., Haddad, L., Rapport, L.J., & Arnetz, B.B. (2014). Brief Narrative Exposure Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress in Iraqi Refugees: A Preliminary Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27(3), 314-322.
Millis, S.R., Meachen, S-J, Griffen, J.A., Hanks, R.A. & Rapport, L.J. (2014). Rasch analysis of the Community Integration Measure (CIM) in persons with traumatic brain injury. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 95(4), 734-740.
Weisenbach, S.L., Rapport, L.J., Briceño, E.M., Haase, B.D., Vederman, A. Bieliauskas, L.A., Welsh, R.C., Starkman, M.N., McInnis, M.G., Zubieta, J-K, & Langenecker, S.A. (2014). Reduced emotion processing efficiency in healthy males relative to females. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9(3), 316-325.
Williams, M.W., Rapport, L.J., Greene, H., Hanks, R.A., & Millis, S.R. (2013). Incremental validity of neuropsychological evaluations and CT in predicting long-term outcomes after traumatic brain injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 27(3), 356-375.
Votruba, K.L., Rapport, L.J., Whitman, R.D., Johnson, A., & Langenecker, S.A. (2013). Personality Differences among patients with chronic aphasia predict improvement in Speech Language Therapy. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 20(5), 421-31.
Briceño, E.M., Weisenbach, S.L., Rapport, L.J., Hazlett, K.E., Haase, B.D., Bieliauskas, L.A., Ransom, M.T., Brinkman, M.L., Pecina, M., Schteingart, D.E., Starkman, M.N., Giordani, B., Welsh, R.C., Noll, D.C., Zubieta, J-K., Langenecker, S.A. (2013). Shifted laterality in activation during emotion processing in women with major depressive disorder. Psychological Medicine, 43(7), 1433-1445.
Miller, J.B., Axelrod, B.N., Rapport, L.J., Bashem, J.B., Schutte, C., & Hanks, R.A. (2012). Substitution of California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition for Verbal Paired Associates on the Wechsler Memory Scale, 4th Edition. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 26 (4), 599–608.
Hanks, R.A., Rapport, L.J., Wertheimer, J., & Koviak, C. (2012). A randomized control trial of peer mentoring for individuals with traumatic brain injury and their significant others. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(8), 1297-1304.
Miller, J.B., Axelrod, B.N., Millis, S.R., Van Dyke, S., Rapport, L.J., Schutte, C., & Hanks, R.A. (2012). Parsimonious prediction of Wechsler Memory Scale, Fourth Edition scores: Immediate and Delayed Memory indexes. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 26 (3), 490-500.
Vederman, A.C., Weisenbach, S.L., Rapport, L.J., Leon, H.M., Haase, B.D., Franti, L.M., Schallmo, M-P, Saunders, E.F.H., Kamali, M.M., Young, E.A., Zubieta, J-K, Langenecker, S.A., & McInnis, M.G. (2012). Modality-specific alterations in the perception of emotional stimuli in bipolar disorder compared to healthy controls and major depressive disorder. Cortex, 48(8), 1027-1034.
Psychological Assessment I (PSY 7200)Practicum in Assessment (PSY 7230)Ethics, Professional Issues, and Diversity (PSY 7240)
Psychological Assessment I (PSY 7200)
Practicum in Assessment (PSY 7230)
Ethics, Professional Issues, and Diversity (PSY 7240)
Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment (PSY 8340)
Psychological Assessment and Psychotherapy Supervision
Human Sexuality (PSY 3380)
Abnormal Psychology (PSY 3310)
Other qualifications directly relevant to courses taught
co-Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Member, Domain I Writing Committee (Biological Bases of Behavior), Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards, Examination in the Professional Practice of Psychology (EPPP)
Fellow, American Psychological Association (Div. 40, Clinical Neuropsychology, and Division 12, Clinical Psychology)