Research interest(s)/area of expertise
- Topical: medical anthropology, aging and the life course, kinship and personhood, memory, postsocialist studies, political economy, morality, population studies, palliative and hospice care, gardens, urban environments
- Geographical: Poland, Central/East Europe, European Union, U.S.
Dr. Robbins's research is motivated by a concern for how some older people become valued and socially included, while others are devalued and socially excluded. As an anthropologist, she seeks explanations for these moral processes in the links between personal experience, personal and discursive imaginations, and transformations in political economy. In her first ethnographic project she sought to answer these questions through ethnographic research in Poland, a place where radical sociocultural and political-economic transformations have occurred in the lifetime of the oldest generations. Current ethnographic research investigates related issues of social inclusion and exclusion among older adults in the post-industrial urban United States.
Dr. Robbins's first book, Aging Nationally in Contemporary Poland: Memory, Kinship, and Personhood was published in December 2020 with Rutgers University Press. An ethnographic and historical account of the moral logics that make full personhood in old age contingent on health, this study draws on almost two years of fieldwork in diverse institutional sites in Wrocław and Poznań, Poland. She draws on theoretical perspectives from studies of kinship, postsocialism, and memory to create explanatory links across temporal and geographic scales.
In her fieldsite of the urban post-industrial US, Dr. Robbins is currently writing up data from two related ethnographic projects:
1) A study entitled "Cultivating Life in a Revitalizing City: Understanding Social Relations and Health through an Ethnographic Study of Gardening among Older African Americans in Detroit" brings together in one analytic lens the phenomena of aging societies and urban change by studying a social movement in which these concerns unite: urban gardening. This project explores the links between urban change, personal and community health across the life course, and connections to land and environment.
2) A study entitled "Older Adults' Experiences and Understandings of the Flint Water Crisis," as Co-PI together with Dr. Tam Perry (Co-PI, Associate Professor, School of Social Work, WSU) explores how exposure to contaminated water shapes physical, mental, and social wellbeing of older adults. This project explores shifting notions of trust, responsibility, and morality at stake in the Flint water crisis through an ethnographic focus on older adults, a population that can be overlooked in humanitarian crises.
Dr. Robbins has an ongoing research project on the (pre)/(post)socialist histories of the sciences of aging in Poland, in which she seeks to understand how the fields of gerontology, geriatrics, andragogika and pedagogy, and social work were shaped by sociocultural and political-economic transformations in central Europe. She is also developing two new projects: 1) on gardening and memory among older African Americans with dementia, as a way of bridging cognitive and social scientific understandings of memory, and 2) on reminiscence therapy among people with dementia, as a way of understanding the intimate politics of memory in later life. Other research interests include aging and memory in the Polish-American community in Michigan, and memory and palliative and hospice care.
- B.A., Anthropology and Music, Williams College, 2001
- M.A., Anthropology, University of Michigan, 2006
- Ph.D., Anthropology, University of Michigan, 2013
Awards and grants
2016-2017, Michigan Center for Urban African American Aging Research (MCUAAAR) Pilot Scholar, National Institutes of Health, P30 AG015281, Cultivating Life in a Revitalizing City: Understanding Social Relations and Health through an Ethnographic Study of Gardening among Older African Americans in Detroit
2014, IREX Individual Advanced Research Opportunities (IARO) Fellowship, Growing Old in Postsocialist Poland: Health, Education, and Morality
2013, East European Studies Research Grant, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Creating “Euro”Seniors through “Active Aging”: (Post-)Socialist Histories of the Sciences of Aging in Poland
2013, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Engaged Anthropology Grant, Beyond “Active” Aging and Abandonment: Relations of Suffering, Care, and Hope in Postsocialist Poland
2010, Elderhostel K. Patricia Cross Doctoral Research Grant, Elderhostel/Road Scholar: Adventures in Lifelong Learning
2008-2010, National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant, Making and Unmaking Polish Persons: Aging and Memory in Postsocialist Poland
2008-2010, Wenner-Gren Foundation Dissertation Fieldwork Grant, Making and Unmaking Polish Persons: Aging and Memory in Postsocialist Poland
- 2021. Robbins, Jessica C. Aging Nationally in Contemporary Poland: Memory, Kinship, and Personhood. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. www.rutgersuniversitypress.org/aging-nationally-in-contemporary-poland/9781978813960
- In press Buch, E., and Robbins, J.C. Age, Isolation, and Inequality in the Time of COVID-19. Anthropology Now.
- Robbins, J.C. 2020. Commentary: Towards an Inclusive Anthropology of Aging. Łódzkie Studia Etnograficzne (Ethnographic Studies of Łódź) 59: 231-237. dx.doi.org/10.12775/LSE.2020.59.14
- Robbins, J. C. 2020. Aging Societies, Civil Societies, and the Role of the Past: Active Aging beyond Demography in Contemporary Poland. East European Politics, Societies, and Cultures. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1177/0888325419897750
- Robbins, J.C., and Seibel, K.A. 2019. Temporal Aspects of Wellbeing in Later Life: Gardening among Older African Americans in Detroit. Ageing and Society 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X19000813
- Seaman, A., Robbins, J.C., and Buch, E. 2019. Beyond the Evaluative Lens: Contextual Unpredictabilities of Care. Journal of Aging Studies 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaging.2019.100799
- Robbins, J.C. (2019). Expanding Personhood beyond Remembered Selves: The Sociality of Memory at an Alzheimer’s Center in Poland. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1111/maq.12534
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2014). National Dimensions of Personhood among Older People in Poland. Etnografia Polska (Polish Ethnography) 58(1-2):159-174. oai:rcin.org.pl:59893
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2014). Thinking with “Postsocialism” in an Ethnographic Study of Old Age in Poland. Cargo: Journal for Cultural/Social Anthropology 12(1-2):35-50. http://cargojournal.org/index.php/cargo/article/view/15
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2013). Challenging Marginalization at the Universities of the Third Age in Poland. Anthropology & Aging Quarterly 34(2):157-169. https://doi.org/10.5195/aa.2013.18
- Robbins, J.C. (2013). Understanding Aktywność in Ethnographic Contexts: Aging, Memory, and Personhood in Poland. Forum Oświatowe (Educational Forum) 1(48):87-101.
- Robbins, J.C. (2013). Aktywność i jej etnograficzne konteksty: starzenie się, pamięć i podmiotowość w Polsce. Translation of the above, by Patrycja Poniatowska. Forum Oświatowe. 1(48):103-119.
- Robbins, J.C. (2008). “Older Americans” and Alzheimer’s Disease: Citizenship and Subjectivities in Contested Time. Michigan Discussions in Anthropology. 17:14-43.
- Robbins, J.C. (2006). “Starsi Amerykanie” a choroba Alzheimera. Biopolityka, podmiotowość i obywatelstwo. (“Older Americans” and Alzheimer’s Disease: Biopolitics, Subjectivities, and Citizenship.) Translated by Ania M. Nowak. In Trzeci wiek drugiej płci: Starsze kobiety jako podmiot aktywności społecznej i kulturowej. (The Third Age of the Second Sex: Older Women as a Social and Cultural Entity.) Edyta Zierkiewicz and Alina Łysak, eds. Wrocław, Poland: MarMar Press. Pp. 223-241.
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J. C. (2017). Aspiring to Activity: Universities of the Third Age, Gardening, and Other Forms of Living in Postsocialist Poland. In Successful Aging: The Anthropology of a 21st Century Obsession. Sarah Lamb, ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Pp. 112-125.
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2017). Responsibilities of the Third Age and the Intimate Politics of Sociality in Poland. In Competing Responsibilities: The Ethics and Politics of Responsibility in Contemporary Life. Susanna Trnka and Catherine Trundle, eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Pp. 193-212.
- Lamb, S., Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C., Corwin, A. (2017). Introduction. In Successful Aging: A 21st Century Obsession. Sarah Lamb, ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Pp. 1-23.
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2015). “Active” Aging as Citizenship in Poland. In Generations: Rethinking Age and Citizenship. Richard Marback, ed. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press. Pp. 270-286.
- Robbins, J.C. (2013). Shifting Moral Ideals of Aging in Poland: Suffering, Self-Actualization, and the Nation. In Transitions and Transformations: Cultural Perspectives on Aging and the Life Course. Caitrin Lynch and Jason Danely, eds. New York: Berghahn Books. Pp. 79-91.
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2018). Aging. In International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell. Hilary Callan, ed.
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2016). Exploring the “Shadow Side” of Ethnographic Research on Aging in Poland. Invited essay for centennial issue of Lud (journal of the Polish Ethnological Society). 100:143-152.
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. (2016). “Little Sisters’ Home for the Aged Poor.” Digital story created with Katie Korth, as part of Ethnic Layers of Detroit. Digital humanities project, Dr. Krysta Ryzewski, PI.
- Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C. and Marback, R. (2015). Conclusion. In Generations: Rethinking Age and Citizenship. Richard Marback, ed. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press. Pp. 313-322.
- Červinková, H., Robbins-Ruszkowski, J.C., and Uherek, Z. (2014). Editorial. Cargo: Journal for Cultural/Social Anthropology 12(1-2):1-3.
- Robbins, J.C. (2013) Blog post for Wenner-Gren Foundation summarizing conference funded by Engaged Anthropology Grant. July 19.
- Robbins, J.C. (2009). Aging, Memory and Personhood in Poland. Anthropology News. 50(8):15-16.
- ANT 7010 Proseminar in Anthropology II, 3 credits, Winter 2021
- ANT 2100 Introduction to Anthropology, 3 credits, Fall 2014, Winter 2015, Winter 2019
- ANT 5400 Anthropology of Health and Illness, 3 credits, Fall 2020, Winter 2017
- ANT 5450 Kinship and Social Relations, 3 credits
- ANT 7010 Proseminar in Anthropology II, 3 credits, Winter 2020
- ANT 7020 Anthropological Theory II, 3 credits, Fall 2016, Fall 2018, Winter 2020
- ANT 7630 Problems and Concepts in Cultural Anthropology: Kinship and Social Relations, 3 credits, Fall 2015, Winter 2017
- ANT 7995 Directed Study in Anthropology, 1-3 credits, by arrangement, variable topics (Feminist Anthropology; Anthropology of Dementia and the Arts; Anthropology of Vaccines; Anthropology of Youth and Violence; Personhood, Memory, the Senses, and Emotions; Poland in Anthropological and Historical Context)
Other qualifications directly relevant to courses taught
- Graduate Certificate, Russian and East European Studies, University of Michigan, 2013
- Graduate Teacher Certificate, University of Michigan, 2013