Zhixian Zhou

Zhixian Zhou

Associate Professor of Physics



243 Physics

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Zhixian Zhou

Associate Professor, Wayne State University, 2013 - Present

Assistant Professor, Wayne State University, 2007 - 2013

Postdoctoral Research Assocaite, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2005 - 2007

Research Interest/Area of Expertise

  • Condensed Matter Physics, Nanoelectronics, 2D materiails and devices


My research has been centered on investigating the electrical transport properties of nano-materials and devices since I joined Wayne State University in August 2007. My research activities consist of three separate but interrelated programs: 1) graphene nanoribbon electronic devices, 2) Electronic  Properties of 2D Materials Beyond Graphene such as MoS2, WSe2, MoSe2 and black phosphorus, and 3) application of graphene in chemical & biological sensing and cathode materials for lithium ion batteries. 

Education – Degrees, Licenses, Certifications

  • B.S. Physics, Lanzhou Univeristy
  • Ph.D. Physics, Florida State University

Awards and Grants

  • College of Liberal Arts and Science's Excellence in Teaching Award (2010)

    Career Development Chair Award (2016-2017)

    Sultana N. Nahar Prize for Distinction in Research in Physics and Astronomy (2017)



    President's Research Enchancement Award

Selected Publications


45. Zhixian Zhou 1,* and Yoke Khin Yap 2,* Two-Dimensional Electronics and Optoelectronics: Present and Future, Electronics, 2017, 6(3), 53; DOI:10.3390/electronics6030053

44. Bhim Chamlagain, Qingsong Cui, Sagar Paudel, Mark Cheng, Pai-Yen Chen and Zhixian Zhou*, Thermally Oxidized Two-dimensional TaS2 as a High-κ Gate Dielectric for MoS2 Field-Effect Transistors, 2D Materials, 2017, DOI:10.1088/2053-1583/aa780e

43. Ali Shahini, Hai Jin, Zhixian Zhou, Yang Zhao, Pai-Yen Chen, Jing Hua, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng, Toward individually tunable compound eyes with transparent graphene electrode, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 2017, 12, 046002

42. Guan, Jie; Chuang, Hsun-Jen; Zhou, Zhixian; Tomanek, David, Optimizing Charge Injection across Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Heterojunctions: Theory and Experiment,ACS Nano, 2017, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b00285

41. R. Mukherjee, H. J. Chuang, M. Koehler, N. Combs, A. Patchen, Z. X. Zhou, and D. Mandrus, Substitutional electron and hole doping of WSe2 : Synthesis, electrical characterization, and observation of band-to-band tunneling, Physical Review Applied, 2017, 7 (3), 034011


40. Cui, Qingsong; Sakhdari, Maryam; Chamlagain, Bhim; Chuang, Hsun-Jen; Liu, Yi; Cheng, Mark Ming-Cheng; Zhou, Zhixian*; Chen, Pai-Yen*, Ultrathin and Atomically Flat Transition-Metal Oxide: Promising Building Blocks for Metal-Insulator Electronics,ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2016 DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b11302 

39. Tianjiao Wang, Shuren Hu, Bhim Chamlagain, Tu Hong, Zhixian Zhou*, Sharon M. Weiss*, and Ya-Qiong Xu*, Visualizing Light Scattering in Silicon Waveguides with Black Phosphorous Photodetectors, Adv. Mater. 2016, 28 (33), 7162-7166, DOI: 10.1002/adma. 201506277

38. K. S. Dhindsa, A. Kumar, G. A. Nazri, V. M. Naik, V. K. Garg, A. C. Oliveira, P. P. Vaishnava, Z. X. Zhou, R. Naik, Enhanced electrochemical performance of LiFePO4/C nanocomposites due to in situ formation of Fe2P impurities, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2016, DOI: 10.1007/s10008-016-3239-y

37.AY Boroujeni, M Tehrani, M Manteghi, Z Zhou, M Al-Haik, Electromagnetic Shielding Effectiveness of a Hybrid Carbon Nanotube/Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 2016,138 (4), 041001

36. Hsun-Jen Chuang, Bhim Chamlagain, Michael Koehler, Meeghage Madusanka Perera, Jiaqiang Yan, David Mandrus, David Tománek, and Zhixian Zhou*, Low-Resistance 2D/2D Ohmic Contacts: A Universal Approach to High-Performance WSe2, MoS2, and MoSe2 Transistors, Nano Lett. 2016, 16, (3) 1896-1902, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b05066

35. Ali Shahini, Jinjun Xia, Zhixian Zhou, Yang Zhao, and Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng , Versatile Miniature Tunable Liquid Lenses Using Transparent Graphene Electrodes, Langmuir, 2016, DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b03407


34. Hong, T.; Chamlagain, B.; Wang, T.; Chuang, H.-J.; Zhou, Z.*; Xu, Y.* , Anisotropic Photocurrent Response at Black Phosphorous-MoS2 p-n Heterojunctions, Nanoscale 2015, DOI: 10.1039/c5nr03400k

33. Tu Hong, Bhim Chamlagain, Shuren Hu, Sharon M. Weiss, Zhixian Zhou, and Ya-Qiong Xu, Plasmonic Hot Electron Induced Photocurrent Response at MoS2-Metal Junctions, ACS Nano, 2015, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b01065


32. Lanka D. Wickramasinghe, Shivnath Mazumder, Sunalee Gonawala, Meeghage Madusanka Perera,Habib Baydoun, Bishnu Thapa, Li Li, Lingxiao Xie, Guangzhao Mao, Zhixian Zhou, H. Bernhard Schlegel, and Cláudio N. Verani, Mechanisms of Rectification in Au|molecule|Au Devices Based on Langmuir-Blodgett Monolayers of Iron(III) and Copper(II) Surfactants, Angewandte Chemie, 2014, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201408649

31. Hsun-Jen Chuang1, Xuebin Tan2, Nirmal Jeevi Ghimire3,4, Bhim Chamlagain1, Meeghage Madusanka Perera1, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng2, Jiaqiang Yan3,4, David Mandrus3,4, David Tomanek, and Zhixian Zhou1, High Mobility WSe2 p- and n-Type Field Effect Transistors Contacted by Highly Doped Graphene for Low-Resistance Contacts, Nano Lett. 2014, DOI: 10.1021/nl501275p

30. Tu Hong, Bhim Chamlagain, Wenzhi Lin, Hsun-Jen Chuang, Minghu Pan, Zhixian Zhou, and Ya-Qiong Xu, Polarized photocurrent response in black phosphorus field-effect transistors, Nanoscale 2014, DOI:10.1039/c4nr02164a

29. Chamlagain, B.; Li, Q.; Ghimire, N. J.; Chuang, H.-J.; Perera, M. M.; Tu, H.; Xu, Y.; Pan, M.; Xiao, D.; Yan, J.; Mandrus, D.; Zhou, Z. Mobility Improvement and Temperature Dependence in Mose2 Field-Effect Transistors on Parylene-C Substrate. ACS Nano 2014, 10.1021/nn501150r.


28. Xuebin Tan, Hsun-Jen Chuang, Ming-Wei Lin, Zhixian Zhou and Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng, Edge Effects on the pH Response of Graphene Nanoribbon Field Effect Transistors, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013, 117 (51), 27155 

27. Meeghage Madusanka Perera, Ming-Wei Lin, Hsun-Jen Chuang, Bhim Prasad Chamlagain, Chongyu Wang, Xuebin Tan, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng, David Tománek, and Zhixian Zhou , Improved Carrier Mobility in Few-Layer MoS2 Field-Effect Transistors with Ionic-Liquid Gating, ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 4449 

26. Lanka D. Wickramasinghe, Meeghage Madusanka Perera, Li Li, GuangzhaoMao,Zhixian Zhou, and Cláudio N. Verani* Rectifying Behavior in Nanoscale Devices Based on Asymmetric Five-Coordinate Iron(III)/Phenolate Complexes, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52 1- 6 (2013) DOI: 10.1002/anie.201306765

25. Kulwinder S. Dhindsa1, B.P. Mandal1, K. Bazzi1 M. W. Lin1, M. Nazri1, G.A. Nazri1*, V. M. Naik2, V. K. Garg4, 5, A.C. Oliveira4, P.Vaishnava3, R. Naik1*, Z.X. Zhou1*, Enhanced electrochemical performance of graphene modified LiFePO4 cathode material for lithium ion batteries, Solid State Ionics 253, 94-100 (2013)


24. Ming-Wei Lin, Lezhang Liu, Qing Lan, Xuebin Tan, Kulwinder Dhindsa , Peng Zeng, Vaman M. Naik, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng, and Zhixian Zhou, Mobility enhancement and highly efficient gating of monolayer MoS2 transistors with Polymer Electrolyte, J. Phys. D, 45, 345102 (2012)

23. Xuebin Tan, Zhixian Zhou and Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng, Electrowetting on Dielectric (EWOD) Using Graphene, Nanotechnology, 23, 375501 (2012)

22. Bazzi, K.; Dhindsa, K. S.; Dixit, Ambesh; Sahana, M. B.; Sudakar, C.; Nazri, M.; Zhou, Z. X.; Vaishnava, P.; Naik, V. M.; Nazri, Gulam Abbas; Naik, R.. Nanostructured high specific capacity C-LiFePO4 cathode material for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Materials Research, 27, No.2, 424 (2012)


21. Ming-Wei Lin1,*, Cheng Ling1,*, Yiyang Zhang1,2, Hyeun Joong Yoon2, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng2, Noppi Widjaja1, Luis A. Agapito3, Nicholas Kioussis3, and Zhixian Zhou1, a) Room-Temperature High On/Off Ratio in Suspended Graphene Nanoribbon Field Effect Transistors, Nanotechnology 22, 265201 (2011)

20. Ming-Wei Lin1,#, Cheng Ling1,#, Luis A. Agapito2,#, Nicholas Kioussis2, Yiyang Zhang1,3, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng3,Wei L. Wang4, Efthimios Kaxiras4and Zhixian Zhou1,*Approaching the Intrinsic Bandgap in Suspended High-Mobility Graphene Nanoribbons, Phys. Rev. B 84, 125411 (2011)

19. Cheng Ling1, Gabriel Setzler1,2, Ming-Wei Lin1, Kulwinder Singh Dhindsa1, Jin Jin1, Hyeun Joong Yoon2, Seung Soo Kim1,2, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng2, Noppi Widjaja1 and Zhixian Zhou1,3 Electrical transport properties of graphene nanoribbons produced from sonicating graphite in solution, Nanotechnology 22 325201 (2011)

18. Hyeun Joong Yoon, Jin Ho Yang, Zhixian Zhou, Sang Sik Yang, Mark Ming-Cheng Cheng, Carbon dioxide sensor using a multi-layered graphene sheet, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, (2011) doi:10.1016/j.snb.2011.03.035


17. Zhixian zhou, Gyula Eres, Rongying Jin, Alaska Subedi, David Mandrus and Eugene, H. Kim, Performance of in situ fabricated Schottky-barrier single wall carbon nanotube field-effect transistors, Nanotechnology, 20, 085709 (2009)


16. E Či�már, M Ozerov, O Ignatchik, T P Papageorgiou, J Wosnitza, S A Zvyagin, J Krzystek, Z Zhou, C P Landee4, B R Landry4, M M Turnbull4 and J L Wikaira, Magnetic properties of the Haldane-gap material [Ni(C2H8N2)2NO2](BF4), New J. Phys. 10 033008 (2008)

2007 and earlier

15. Zhixian Zhou, R. Jin, Gyula Eres, D. Mandrus, P. Schlottmann, Y. S. Hor, Z. L. Xiao and J.F. Mitchell, Resistance and Current-voltage Characteristics of Individual Superconducting NbSe2 Nanowires, Phys. Rev. B 76, 104511 (2007) (selected for inclusion in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)

14. Zhixian Zhou, K. Xiao, R. Jin, D. Mandrus, Jing Tao, D.B. Geohegan and Stephen Pennycook, One-Dimensional Electron Transport in Cu-Tetracyanoquinodimethane Organic Nanowires, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193115 (2007) (selected for inclusion in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)

13. Zhixian Zhou, R. Jin, Gyula Eres, Alaska Subedi and D. Mandrus, The Control of Electron Transport Related Defects in In situ Fabricated Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Devices, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 133124 (2006) (selected for inclusion in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science &Technology)

12. Xin, Y.; Wang, X.; Zhou, Z.X.; and Zheng, J.P., Epitaxial Ca2RuO4+δ thin films grown on (001) LaAlO3 by pulsed laser deposition, Thin Solid Films, 515 (7-8), 3946 (2007)

11. R. Jin, Z.X. Zhou, I.N. Ivanov, G. Eres, D. Mandrus and D.B. Geohegan, Annealing Effect on Electrical and Thermal Transport Properties of Carbon-Nanotube Bundles, Physica B 388, 326 (2007)

10. R. P. Guertin, N. Harrison, F. Dymytrious, Zhixian Zhou and S. McCall, Very High Field Magnetization and AC Susceptibility of Native Horse Spleen Ferritin, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 308, 97-100 (2007)

9. V. Durairaj, X. N. Lin, Z.X. Zhou, S. Chikara, E. Ehami, A. Douglass, P. Schlottmann and G.Cao, Observation of oscillatory magnetoresistance periodic in 1/B and B in Ca3Ru2O7 , Phys.Rev. B 73, 054434 (2006)

8. R. C. Rai, J. Cao, J. L. Musfeldt, D. J. Singh, X. Wei, R. Jin, Z. X. Zhou, B. C. Sales, and D. Mandrus Magnetodielectric effect in the S=1⁄2 quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet K2V3O8, Phys. Rev. B 73, 075112 (2006)

7. X.N. Lin, Z.X. Zhou, V. Durairaj, P. Schlottmann and G. Cao, Colossal Magnetoresistance by Avoiding a Ferromagnetic State in the Mott System Ca3Ru2O7, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017203 (2005)

6. Z.X Zhou, and P.Schlottmann, Orbital Order and Uniaxial Spin Anisotropy in EuBaCo2O5.5 Single Crystals, Phys. Rev. B 71, 174401 (2005)

5. Z.X Zhou, S. McCall, C.S. Alexander, J.E. Crow, P.Schlottmann, A. Bianchi, C. Capan, R. Movshovich, K.H. Kim, M. Jaime, N. Harrison, M.K. Haas, R.J. Cava and G. Cao, Transport and Thermodynamic Properties of Sr3Ru2O7 Near the Quantum Critical Point, Phys. Rev. B 69,140409(R) (2004)

4. Z.X. Zhou, S. McCall, C.S. Alexander, J.E. Crow, P. Schlottmann, S.N, Barilo, S.V.Shiryaev, G.L. Bychkov and R.P. Guertin, Magnetization and Magnetotransport of LnBaCo2O5.5 (Ln = Gd, Eu) Single Crystals, Phys. Rev. B 70, 024425 (2004)

3. Yan, S.; Ren, C.; Wang, X.; Xin, Y.; Zhou, Z.X.; Mei, L.M.; Ren, M.J.; Chen, Y.X.; Liu, Y.H. and Garmestani, H., Ferromagnetism and magnetoresistance of Co–ZnO inhomogeneous magnetic semiconductors, Appl. Phys. Lett., 84, 2376 (2004)

2. Zhou, Z.X.; Cao, G.; McCall, S.; Crow, J.E.; Guertin, R.P.; Mielke, C.H. and Rickel, D.G., Magnetic interactions in (Pr,La)3RuO7 and Pr3(Ru,Nb)O7, Philos. Mag. B, 82, 1401-1412 (2002) Cao, G.; McCall, S.; Zhou, Z.X.; Alexander, C.S.; Crow, J.E. and Guertin, R.P., Thermodynamic properties of RE2RuO5(RE=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Tb), J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 226-230, 218 (2001)

1. Cao, G.; McCall, S.; Zhou, Z.X.; Alexander, C.S.; Crow, J.E.; Guertin, R.P. and Mielke, C.H., Magnetic Ordering and Enhanced Electronic Specific Heat Capacity in Insulating L2RuO5 (L=Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, and Tb), Phys. Rev. B, 63, 14 4427 (2001)


Courses taught