Professor and Chairperson
0224 Old Main
Department of Geology
4831 Cass Avenue
Detroit, MI 48201
Dr. Mark Baskaran is a tenured Full-Time Professor and Chair in the Department of Geology at Wayne State University (Detroit, Michigan). He received his Ph.D. in Physics from Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), a premier research institution in India. After his Ph.D., he spent 2 years at PRL as a postdoctoral fellow before he moved to the Institute of Marine Science at the University of Alaska (Fairbanks, Alaska). After a year, he joined Texas A&M University (Galveston, Texas) where he taught introductory Physics and Geology courses at the Department of Marine Sciences, while conducting research related to atmospheric fluxes of radionuclides, mobility of radionuclides in groundwater, scavenging and particle cycling in marine environment and dating of recent sediments and carbonates. After his 11 year career as a teacher and researcher in Texas, he joined Wayne State University where he became a tenured Full Professor in 2007. He teaches both introductory level courses in Oceanography, Meteorology, and Physical Geology as well as upper level courses including Chemical Fate and Transport of Pollutants, Nuclear Geology, and Environmental Geochemistry.
Professor Mark Baskaran has published over 145 peer-reviewed articles (with over 6800 Google Scholar cumulative citations, h-index 50 in October 2018), most of which are related to the applications of isotopes as tracers and chronometers in Earth systems. He edited a two-volume Handbook entitled “Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry” with forty articles contributed by eminent scholars in the field in 2011, published by Springer. He also published a monograph on radon entitled "Radon: A Tracer for Geological, Geophysical and Geochemical Studies"--Springer 2016. He spent three months as a Senior Fulbright Scholar at Ege University (Izmir, Turkey) in 2015. He has given invited and plenary talks/seminars at over sixty national/international conferences, workshops, universities and research institutions around the world. He serves as an Associate Editor for two Elsevier journals, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity and Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science.
Dr. Baskaran’s research work includes all subsystems of the Earth system. He has extensively collaborated with a large number of researchers from universities and institutions around the world. His work with marine systems (estuarine, coastal, shelf and open-ocean) on the investigations of particular organic carbon export, particle cycling and remineralization and colloidal thorium scavenging in the Arctic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic and East Pacific were funded by several funding agencies in the U.S. that include the National Science Foundation (NSF), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the Department of Energy (DOE). He has been funded by NSF as a part of the U.S. GEOTRACES group in four phases (Intercalibration, North Atlantic, East Pacific and Western Arctic Ocean sections). He has served as a Chief Scientist in six major oceanographic expeditions in the Gulf of Mexico and Arctic Ocean.
He convened a National Workshop entitled “Recent Changes in the Biogeochemistry of the Great Lakes System” in March 2013 at Wayne State University. He also had convened a number of sessions and meetings at both national and international conferences and workshops. Currently, he serves as the inaugural Chair (2017-2019) of the Devendra Lal Memorial Medal, a union-level award at the American Geophysical Union.
Dr. Baskaran resides in Troy, Michigan with his wife, Rachel Baskaran. They have three grown-up children.
Research Interest/Area of Expertise
Applications of short-lived radionuclides as tracers and chronometer
Dating of sediments, carbonates (corals, speleothem, mollusk shells, etc)
Investigations on the distribution of Po-210 and Pb-210 for particle cycling, particle export, and remineralization in marine environment
Investigations of sea ice, ice-rafted sediments and snow from the Arctic for the age of ice-rafted sediments, ice core dating and accumulation-ablation rates of sea ice
Radium, radon as submarine groundwater exchange tracers in freshwater systems
Education – Degrees, Licenses, Certifications
- Ph.D. (1985) - Physical Research Laboratory, India
Awards and Grants
Co-PI: “Sediment Yield and Dam Capacity in the Great Lakes Watershed”, PI: Carol Miller, USACE, September 2014 – September 2015.
PI: “GEOTRACES Arctic section: Application of 210Po and 210Pb distribution at contrasting interface regimes of Western Arctic”, October 15, 2014 – September 30, 2019, National Science Foundation.
“Assessment of Changes in the Environmental Lead levels from Demolition of Houses from a Systematic Sampling of Air and Soil at Demolition Sites”, September 12, 2013 – 30 June 30, 2014, NextEnergy Center.
PI: “Workshop to Assess the Recent Changes in the Biogeochemistry of the Great Lakes System (BOGLS)”, February 1, 2013 – January 31, 2014, National Science Foundation.
PI: “Dating of Sediments from Lake Huron and Saginaw Bay”, March – December 2013, CILER (NOAA via University of Michigan).
PI: ‘Collaborative Research: GEOTRACES – 210Po and 210Pb distribution at Eastern Pacific Interface Regimes”, August 1, 2012 – July 31, 2015 – National Science Foundation.
Co-PI: “Sediment Yield and Dam Capacity in the Great Lakes Watershed: Reconnaissance and Laboratory Analysis”, PI: Carol Miller, USACE, September 2010 – August 2012.
PI: “Acquisition of Additional Counting Instruments for Radiochemical Research at Wayne State University”, August 31, 2010 – August 31, 2011 – National Science Foundation.
PI: “Collaborative Research: GEOTRACES-Application of 210Pb and 210Po distribution at North Atlantic Interface regimes”, April 1, 2010 – March 31, 2014 - National Science Foundation.
Chair, Devendra Lal Memorial Medal committee – Union-level Medal at AGU 2017-2019
Senior Fulbright U.S. Scholar, Turkey (September – December 2015) 2015
Last 5 years
115) Kim, K.J., M. Baskaran, J. Jweda*, A.A. Feyzullayev, C. Aliyev, H. Matsuzaki, A.J.T. Jull (2013). Investigation of the Dashgil mud volcano (Azerbaijan) using Beryllium-10. Nuclear Instru. Methods Phys. Res. B 294, 606-610.
116) Baskaran, M., T.M. Church, G.-H. Hong, A. Kumar, M. Qiang, H. Choi, S. Rigaud, K. Maiti (2013). Effects of flow rates and composition of the filter, and decay/in-growth correction factors involved with the determination of in-situ particulate 210Po and 210Pb in seawater. Limnol. Oceanogr. (Methods), 11, 126-140.
117) Hong, G.-H., M. Baskaran, T.M. Church and M. Conte (2013). Scavenging, cycling and removal fluxes of 210Po and 210Pb at the Bermuda Time-series Study. Deep-Sea Res. II 93, 108-118, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.005.
118) Swarzenski, P.W., M. Baskaran, R.J. Rosenbauer, B.D. Edwards and M. Land (2013). A combined radio- and stable-isotopic study of a California coastal aquifer system. Water 5(2), 480-504, doi:10.3390/w5020480.
119) Lee, H.M., G.-H. Hong, M. Baskaran, S.H. Kim, Y. I. Kim, and K.C. Cho (2014). Evaluation of plating conditions on the recovery of 210Po onto the Ag planchet. Applied Radiat. Isot. 90, 170-176.
120) Rodrigo, J.F., M. Cass-Ruiz, J. Vidal, L. Barbero, M. Baskaran and M.E. Ketterer (2014). Application of 234U/238U activity ratios to investigations of subterranean groundwater discharge in the Cadiz coastal area (SW Spain). J. Environ. Radioact. 130, 68-71.
121) Karunakara, N. and M. Baskaran (2014). Special issue of Journal of Environmental Radioactivity on 2nd International Conference on Po and radioactive Pb isotopes. 138, 341-342.
122) Barbero, L., M.J. Gazquez, J.P. Bolivar, M. Casas-Ruiz, A. Hierro, M. Baskaran and M.E. Ketterer (2014). Mobility of Po and U-isotopes under acid mine drainage conditions: an experimental approach with samples from Rio Tinto area (SW Spain). J. Environ. Radioact. 138, 384-389.
123) Mudbidre, R., M. Baskaran and L. Schweitzer (2014). Investigations of the partitioning and residence times of Po-210 and Pb-210 in a riverine system in Southeast Michigan USA. J. Environ. Radioact. 138, 375-383.
124) Baskaran, M., J. Nix, C. Kuyper and N. Karunakara (2014). Problems with the dating of sediment core using excess 210Pbxs in a freshwater system impacted by large scale watershed changes. J. Environ. Radioact. 138, 355-363.
125) Rigaud, S., G. Stewart, M. Baskaran, D. Marsan, and T.M. Church (2015). 210Po and 210Pb distribution, dissolved-particulate exchange rates, and particulate export along the North Atlantic US GEOTRACES GA03 section. Deep-Sea Res. II 116, 60-75.
126) Baskaran, M., C.J. Miller, A. Kumar, E. Andersen, J. Hui, J.P. Selegean, C.T. Creech, and J. Barkach (2015). Sediment Accumulation Rates and Sediment Dynamics Using Five Different Methods in a well-constrained Impoundment: Case Study from Union Lake, Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 41, 607-617.
127) Du, J., J. Du, M. Baskaran, Q. Bi, D. Huang and Y. Jiang, 2015. Temporal variations of atmospheric depositional fluxes of 7Be and 210Pb over 8 years (2006-2013) at Shanghai, China and Synthesis of global fallout data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JD022807.
128) Mawji, E., R. Schlitzer et al. (total of 135 authors, 68 institutions), 2015. The GEOTRACES Intermediate Data Product 2014. Mar. Chem. 177, 1-8.
129) Baskaran, M.,T. Novell, K. Nash*, S.A. Ruberg, T. Johengen, N. Hawley, J.V. Klump and B.A. Biddanda, 2016. Tracking the seepage of subsurface sinkhole vent waters into Lake Huron using radium and stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen. Aquatic Geochemistry 22, 349-374.
130) Wang, J., J.Z. Du, M. Baskaran and J. Zhang, 2016. Mobile mud dynamics in the East China Sea elucidated using 210Pb, 137Cs, 7Be and 234Th as tracers. Jour. Geophys. Res. 12/2015; DOI:10.1002/2015JC011300.
131) Eakin, M., S.J. Brownlee, M. Baskaran and L. Barbero, 2016. Mechanisms of radon loss from zircon: Microstructural controls on emanation and diffusion. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 184, 212-226.
132) Kumar, A., J. Hage-Hassan, M. Baskaran, C.J. Miller, J.P. Selegean and C.T. Creech, 2016. Multiple sediment cores from reservoirs are needed to reconstruct recent watershed changes from stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) and C/N ratios: case studies from the midwestern United States. J. Paleolimnology 56, 15-31, doi: 10.1007/s10933-016-9888-0.
133) Brooks, Y., M.M. Baustian, M. Baskaran, N. Ostrom and J. Rose, 2016. Historical associations of molecular measurements of Escherichia coli and Enterococci to anthropogenic activities and climate variables in freshwater sediment cores. Environmental Science and Technology 50(13), 6902-6911, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est. 6b01372.
134) Baskaran, M., T.S. Bianchi and T.R. Filley, 2017. Inconsistencies between 14C and short-lived radionuclides-based sediment accumulation rates: effects of long-term remineralization. J. Environmental Radioactivity.
135) Su, K., J.Z. Du, M. Baskaran and J. Zhang, 2017. 210Po and 210Pb disequilibrium at the PN section in the East China Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity.
136) Wang, J., M. Baskaran, X. Hou, J.Z. Du and J. Zhang, 2017. Historical changes in 239Pu and 240Pu sources in sedimentary records in the East China Sea: Implications for provenance and transportation. Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 466, 32-42.
137) Gorgun, A. and M. Baskaran, 2017. Special issue of Journal of Environmental Radioactivity on 3rd International Conference on Po and radioactive Pb isotopes. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 174, 1-2.
138) Baskaran, M., T.S. Bianchi and T.R. Filley, 2017. Inconsistencies between 14C and short-lived radionuclides-based sediment accumulation rates: effects of long-term remineralization. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 174, 10-16.
139) Su, K., J.Z. Du, M. Baskaran and J. Zhang, 2017. 210Po and 210Pb disequilibrium at the PN section in the East China Sea. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 174, 54-65.
140) Krupp, K. M. Baskaran and S.J. Brownlee, 2017. Variations of radon emanation coefficients of several minerals: How they vary with physical and mineralogical properties. American Mineralogist 102, 1375-1383.
141) Pradhan, S., J. Zhang, M. Baskaran, P.V. Shirodkar, Y. Wu and U.K. Pradhan, 2017. Investigations on the spatial and temporal variations of Sr and Nd isotopes in sediments from two Indian Rivers: Implications to source identification. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 18(4), 1520-1536.
142) Wang, J., M. Baskaran and J. Niedermiller, 2017. Mobility of 137Cs in freshwater lakes: A mass balance and diffusion study of Lake St. Clair, Southeast Michigan, USA. Geochem. Cosmochim. Acta 218, 323-342.
143) Alighalehbabakhani, F., C.J. Miller, M. Baskaran, J.P. Selegean, J.H. Barkach, T. Dahl and S.M.S. Abkenar, 2017. Forecasting the remaining reservoir capacity in the Laurentian Great Lakes watershed. J. Hydrology 555, 926-937.
144) Schlitzer, R. et al. (with >150 authors), 2018. Chemical Geology, 493, 210-223, doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.05.040.
145) Wang, Xilong, M. Baskaran, K.J. Su and J.Z. Du, 2018. The important role of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) to derive nutrient fluxes into River dominated Ocean Margins – The East China Sea. Marine Chemistry 204, 121-132, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2018.05.010.
146) Wang, Jinlong, W. Zhang, M. Baskaran, J.Z. Du, F. Zhou and H. Wu, 2018. Fingerprinting sediment transport in River-dominated Margins using combined mineral magnetic and radionuclide methods. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123.https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014174
GEL 5120: Environmental Geochemistry
- GEL-1010: Physical Geology
- GEL-1050: Oceanography
- GEL-1370: Meteorology: The Study of Weather
- GEL-5120: Environmental Geochemistry
- GEL-6400: Nuclear Geology
Google Scholar (6,876 cumulative citations, h-index: 50 as of 10/04/2018): https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=9kY_bJwAAAAJ&hl=en
Research Gate (RG Score = 39.52, Citation: 4,994 as of 8/5/2017): https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mark_Baskaran