Margaret Greenwald, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Margaret Greenwald, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Chair, Associate Professor

313.577.0608

mgreenwald@wayne.edu

 206 Rackham Building

Margaret Greenwald, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Dr. Greenwald is currently the chair of the Communication Sciences and Disorders Department at Wayne State University. 
Dr. Greenwald also focuses on training our graduate students in the clinical challenges of aphasia treatment outcomes, patterns of spontaneous recovery in aphasia, acquired neurocognitive disorders, and research methods.

Research Interest/Area of Expertise

  •  Adult neurogenic communication disorders.

  •  Cognitive neuropsychology.

  •  Stroke rehabilitation.

Research

Dr. Greenwald's scope of research includes the lexical-semantic aspects of language processing, skilled motor behavior, brain-behavior relationships, and acquired dyslexia.

Education – Degrees, Licenses, Certifications

  • BA in English, The College of St. Catherine, USA
  • MA in Speech-Language Pathology, University of Florida
  • Research Assistant in Department of Neurology and The Brain Institute, University of Florida
  • Pre-doctoral Fellow in Aphasia, Gainsville V.A. Medical Center and University of Florida
  • PhD in Speech-Language Pathology, University of Florida
  • PostDoctoral Fellowship in Cognitive Neuropsychology, University of Maryland (School of Medicine)
  • Member, American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA)
  • Member, Academy of Aphasia
  • Member, International Neuropsychological Society

Selected Publications

PUBLICATIONS

A. Chapters Published

1. Authored:

Greenwald, M.L. (2000). The Acquired Dyslexias. In Rothi, L.J.G., Crosson, B. & Nadeau,

S.E. (Eds), Aphasia and Language: Theory to Practice, Guilford Publications, pp. 159-

183.

Greenwald, M.L. (2001). Acquired Reading Disorders. In R. Berndt (Ed.),The Handbook of

Neuropsychology, 2nd edition, Elsevier Science, pp. 205-219.

Greenwald, M. (2015). Research, Evidenced-Based Practice and Tests and

Measurements. In G.L. Lof and A.F. Johnson (Ed.), National Speech Language

Pathology Examination Review & Study Guide (pp. 91-101). Evanston, IL:

TherapyEd.

Greenwald, M.L. (2015, epub ahead of press). Wernicke’s aphasia: Auditory processing and

comprehension. In A.M. Raymer & L.J.G. Rothi (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Aphasia

and Language Disorders. New York: Oxford University Press. DOI:

10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199772391.013.5

2. Co-Authored

Rothi, L.J.G., Greenwald, M.L., Maher, L.M. & Ochipa, C. (1998). Alexia without agraphia:

lessons from a treatment failure. In N. Helm Estabrooks & A. Holland (Eds), New

Approaches to Aphasia Treatment, Singular Publishing Group, pp. 179-201..

Greenwald, M.L., Nadeau, S.E. & Rothi, L.J.G. (2000). Fluency. In Rothi, L.J.G., Crosson,

B. & Nadeau, S.E. (Eds), Aphasia and Language: Theory to Practice, Guilford

Publications, pp. 31-39.

Greenwald, M.L. & McCarney, C. (2006). Aphasia rehabilitation: post-acute clinical

management. In A. Johnson & B. Jacobson (Eds), Medical Speech-Language

Pathology: A Practitioner’s Guide, 2nd Edition, Thieme, pp. 61-70.

Greenwald, M.L. & McCarney, C. (2016). Assessment and management of aphasia. In A. Johnson and B. Jacobson (Eds), Medical Speech-Language Pathology: A Practitioner’s Guide, 3rd Edition, Thieme.

B. Journal Articles Published

1. Refereed Journals

Stewart, J.T., Leadon (Greenwald), M. & Rothi, L.J.G. (1990). Treatment of a case of akinetic mutism with bromocriptine. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 2 (4), 462-463.

Rothi, L.J.G., Raymer, A.M., Maher, L.M., Greenwald, M.L. & Morris, M. (1991). Assessment of naming failures in neurological communication disorders. Clinics in Communication Disorders, 1, 7-20.

Greenwald, M.L., Raymer, A.M., Richardson, M.E. & Rothi, L.J.G. (1995). Contrasting treatments for severe impairments of picture naming. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 5 (1/2), 17-49.

Raymer, A.M., Rothi, L.J.G. & Greenwald, M.L. (1995). The role of cognitive models in language rehabilitation. NeuroRehabilitation, 5, 183-193.

Shuren, J.E., Greenwald, M.L. & Heilman, K.M. (1996). Spontaneous grammatical corrections in an anomic patient. Neurology, 47, 845-846.

Heilman, K.M., Maher, L.M., Greenwald, M.L. & Rothi, L.J.G. (1997). Conceptual apraxia from lateralized lesions. Neurology, 49, 457-464.

Raymer, A.M., Foundas, A., Maher, L.M., Greenwald, M.L., Morris, M., Rothi, L.J.G. & Heilman, K.M. (1997). Cognitive neuropsychological analysis and neuroanatomic correlates in a case of acute anomia. Brain and Language, 58, 137-156.

Raymer, A.M., Greenwald, M.L., Richardson, M.E., Rothi, L.J.G. & Heilman, K.M. (1997). Right hemisphere contributions to optic aphasia/optic apraxia. Neurocase, 3, 173-183.

Greenwald, M.L. & Rothi, L.J.G. (1998). Lexical access via letter naming in a profoundly alexic and anomic patient: a treatment study. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 4(6), 595-607.

Greenwald, M.L. & Berndt, R.S. (1999). Impairment of abstract letter order knowledge: severe alexia in a mildly aphasic patient. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 16 (6), 513-556.

Mitchum, C.C., Greenwald, M.L. & Berndt, R.S. (2000). Cognitive treatments of sentence processing disorders: what have we learned? Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 311-336.

Greenwald, M.L. (2004). “Blocking” lexical competitors in severe global agraphia: a treatment of reading and spelling. Neurocase, 10(2), 156-174.

Bowyer, S.M., Fleming, T., Greenwald, M.L., Moran, J., Mason, K, Weiland, B, Smith, B., Barkley, G. & Tepley, N. (2005). Magnetoencephalographic localization of the basal temporal language area. Epilepsy & Behavior, 6, 229-234.

Bowyer, S.M., Moran, J., Weiland, B., Mason, K., Greenwald, M.L., Smith, B., Barkley, G. & Tepley, N. (2005). Language laterality determined by MEG mapping using MR-FOCUSS. Epilepsy & Behavior, 6, 235-241.

Greenwald, M.L. (2006). Teaching research methods in communication disorders: A problem-based learning approach. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 27(3), 173-179.

Petrich, J.F., Greenwald, M.L. & Berndt, R.S. (2007). An investigation of attentional contributions to visual errors in right “neglect dyslexia.” Cortex, 43, 1036-1046.

Lu, C., & Greenwald, M. (2016). Reading and working memory in adults with or without formal musical training: Musical and lexical tone. Psychology of Music, 44(3), 369-387. DOI: 10.1177/0305735614568881. (Published online in 2015 ahead of print).

Rangamani, G., Coppens, P., Greenwald, M.L., & Keintz, C. (2016). Collaborative methods for training evidence-based practice: the Triad model. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders, 43, 139-153.

Bowyer, S., Zillgitt, A., Greenwald, M.L. and Lajiness-O’Neill, R. (in press). Language Mapping with MEG: An update and practical guidelines. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology.

2. Review articles (invited tutorials):

Greenwald, M.L. & George, P. (2002). Alexia. ASHA Division 2, Neurophysiology and

Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, 4-13. Rockville, MD: American

Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Greenwald, M.L. & Mikola, J. (2002). Agnosia. ASHA Division 2, Neurophysiology and

Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, 25-30. Rockville, MD: American

Speech- Language-Hearing Association.

Greenwald, M.L. & Bowyer, S.M. (2003). Magnetoencephalography (MEG) studies of

Speech production. ASHA Division 2, Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and

Language Disorders. Rockville, MD: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Consumer publication:

Greenwald, M.L. (2004). Improving reading following stroke. Stroke Connection,

July/August, 27-29

C. Papers and Posters Presented

Invited and/or Refereed Internationally or Nationally

Leadon (Greenwald), M. & Dyson, A. Generalization of three trained /s/ clusters to untrained clusters and strident singletons. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Detroit, November, 1986.

Leadon (Greenwald), M. The assessment of limb apraxia: a neuropsychological approach. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, St. Louis, November, 1989.

Maher, L.M., Greenwald, M.L. & Rothi, L.J.G. Treatment of ideomotor apraxia: a single

case. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Atlanta, November, 1991.

Raymer, A.M., Maher, L.M., Greenwald, M.L., Morris, M.K. & Rothi, L.J.G. Lexical-

semantic egress deficit in acute anomia: a single case. Poster presented to the

annual meeting of the International Neuropsychological Society, San Antonio,

February, 1991.

Greenwald, M.L., Raymer, A.M. Richardson, M.E. & Rothi, L.J.G. Contrasting

treatments for severe impairments of picture naming. Paper presented to the annual

meeting of the Academy of Aphasia, Toronto, October, 1992.

Greenwald, M.L., Rothi, L.J.G., Maher, L.M., Chatterjee, A., Ochipa, C. & Heilman, K.M. Impaired tool knowledge with preserved object and action knowledge in limb apraxia. International Neuropsychological Society, Durham, England, July, 1992.

Greenwald, M.L., Rothi, L.J.G., Maher, L.M., Chatterjee, A., Ochipa, C. & Heilman, K.M. Concrete object errors in praxis performance. International Neuropsychological Society, Durham, England, July, 1992

Raymer, A.M., Greenwald, M.L., Richardson, M.E., Rothi, L.J.G. & Heilman, K.M.

Optic aphasia and optic apraxia: a theoretical interpretation. Paper presented to the

annual European meeting of the International Neuropsychological Society, Durham,

England, July, 1992

Heilman, K.M., Maher, L.M., Greenwald, M.L. & Rothi, L.J.G. Conceptual apraxia

from lateralized lesions. Presented to the annual meeting of the Academy of

Neurology, 1995.

Rothi, L.J.G., Greenwald, M.L., Raymer, A.M., Maher, L.M. & Heilman, K.M. What’s in a

name? A clinical case analysis of anomia. Paper presented to the annual meeting of

the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Seattle, November, 1995.

Greenwald, M.L. Diagnosis and treatment of visual-semantic processing deficits. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Boston, November, 1997.

Greenwald, M.L. & Berndt, R.S. Top-down effects on orthographic lexical access in a patient with severe acquired dyslexia. The Academy of Aphasia, Philadelphia, October, 1997.

Mitchum, C.M., Greenwald, M.L. & Berndt, R.S. Production-specific thematic mapping

impairment: a treatment study. Paper presented to the annual meeting of the

Academy of Aphasia, Philadelphia, October, 1997.

Berndt, R.S., Haendiges, A., Greenwald, M.L. & Whitney, C. “Neglect dyslexia” following left hemisphere stroke: impairment of language or attention? Poster presented to the Winter Conference on Brain Research, Snow Bird, Utah, January, 1998.

Greenwald, M.L. & Berndt, R.S. Letter-by-letter lexical access without semantics or specialized letter name phonology. The Academy of Aphasia, Santa Fe, October, 1998.

Raymer, A.M., Maher, L.M., Foundas, A., Greenwald, M.L., Heilman, K.M. & Rothi, L.J.G.

Patterns of lexical recovery in acute anomia: a single case. Poster presented to the Clinical

Aphasiology Conference, Asheville, NC, June, 1998.

Greenwald, M.L. Contributions of impaired semantic memory to abnormal discourse in schizophrenia. The International Neuropsychological Society, Boston, February, 1999.

Greenwald, M.L. & Berndt, R.S. Modality-specific conceptual apraxia and action naming. The International Neuropsychological Society, Boston, February, 1999.

Greenwald, M.L., Moss, S., Rothi, L.G.R. & Heilman, K.M. Semantic agraphia in Alzheimer’s disease. The International Neuropsychological Society, Boston, February, 1999.

Greenwald, M.L. & Shelton, J. Ordinal and phonological influences on impaired word recognition. The International Neuropsychological Society, Toronto, February, 2002.

Greenwald, M.L. & Bowyer, S.M. Neuroimaging of reading using

magnetoencephalography (MEG). The American Speech-Language-Hearing

Association, Atlanta, November, 2002.

Greenwald, M.L. Treatment of lexical and sublexical self-cueing in severe deep

dyslexia. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia,

November, 2004.

Greenwald, M.L., Smith, B.J. & Bowyer, S.M. Pure alexia following stroke: MEG

analyses using MR-FOCUSS. Presented to the biannual International Meeting on

Biomagnetism, Boston, August, 2004.

Greenwald, M.L., Williams, L., Starll, C. & McCarney, C. Considerations for

functional improvement of dysgraphia in two stroke survivors. The American

Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, November, 2004.

Howell, J., Greenwald, M.L. & Bowyer, S.M. Technical advances in

magnetoencephalography (MEG): Clinical application to speech production. The

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, November, 2004.

Lynam, M., Greenwald, M.L. & Bowyer, S.M. Technical advances in

magnetoencephalography (MEG): Clinical application to developmental dyslexia.

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, November,

2004.

Mikola, J. & Greenwald, M.L. Lexical and sublexical phonological influences in

Jargon aphasia. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

Philadelphia, November, 2004.

Greenwald, M.L., Smith, B.J & Bowyer, S.M. Phonological dyslexia following stroke

Measured by MEG utilizing MR-FOCUSS. Presented to the annual meeting of the

International Neuropsychological Society, St. Louis, February, 2005.

Andrews, B. & Greenwald, M.L. Failed “summation” of lexical and sublexical cues in

verbal naming.The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Diego,

November, 2005.

Knack, A. & Greenwald, M.L. Assessment of verb comprehension in acute aphasia.

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Diego, November,

2005.

McCarney, C. & Greenwald, M.L. Factors influencing rapid treatment gains in a

dysgraphic patient.The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San

Diego, November, 2005.

Buzzanga, T. & Greenwald, M.L. Positional characteristics of visual word recognition

in Arabic and English. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

Boston, 2007.

Elfakhani, M., Kang, A., Greenwald, M., Fuerst, D. & Benson, R. Case report of

Aphasia responding to a 6-week course of 10 Hz rTMS Protocol. Annual meeting

of Epilepsy and Clinical Neuroscience Society, Boston, 2007.

Bowyer, S.M., Greenwald, M.L., Moran, J., Tepley, N. & Lajiness-O’Neill, R. MEG

applications for detecting dyslexia with real and nonsense word reading.

Presented to the biannual International Meeting on Biomagnetism, Sapporo,

Japan, August, 2008.

Votruba, K.L., Rapport, L., Johnson, A., Greenwald, M.L., Whitman, R.D., Langenecker.

S. Spaced Versus Massed Practice in Aphasia Therapy. Presented to the annual

meeting of the American Psychological Association. Boston, August, 2008.

Lu, C. & Greenwald, M.L. A cognitive model of music and language. The annual

meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Chicago,

November, 2008.

Borsenik, N. & Greenwald, M.L. Using poetry for treatment of expressive language

impairment in aphasia. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

New Orleans, November, 2009.

Lu, C., Bowyer, S.M. & Greenwald, M.L. Patterns of brain activation during silent

transposing of musical notation. The American Speech-Language-Hearing

Association, New Orleans, November, 2009.

Alverson, K. & Greenwald, M.L. Evidence-based practice in early training of speech-

language pathologists. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

New Orleans, November, 2009.

Borsenik, N. & Greenwald, M.L. Discussion of poetry facilitates expressive language in

non-fluent aphasia. The annual meeting of the Clinical Aphasiology Conference, Isle

of Palms, South Carolina, May, 2010.

Lu, C., Greenwald, M.L. & Bowyer, S.M. Brain activation during letter sounding and

silent transposing of musical notation: A MEG study. Human Brain Mapping,

Barcelona, Spain, June, 2010.

Mikola, J. & Greenwald, M.L. Frontal lobe damage and AAC in aphasia rehabilitation.

The annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

Philadelphia, November, 2010.

Greenwald, M.L., Keintz, C., Coppens, P. & Rangamani, G. Collaborative methods for

training research and EBP: The triad model. Seminar presented to the annual meeting

of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Diego, November, 2011

Greenwald, M.L., Lu, C. & Bowyer, S. MEG analyses of lexical decision in

Developmental dyslexia. The annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-

Hearing Association, San Diego, November, 2011.

Greenwald, M.L. Facilitating word recognition in pure alexia. The annual meeting of the

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Atlanta, November, 2012.

Lu, C. & Greenwald, M.L. Musical training facilitates reading of Mandarin Chinese. The

annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Atlanta,

November, 2012.

Williams, R. & Greenwald, M.L. The influence of gestural learning on oral reading and

reading comprehension. The annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-

Hearing Association, Orlando, November, 2014.

Davis, B., Lu, C., and Greenwald, M.L. (under review, 2017). What is normal? Normative

data for healthy older adults learning new verbal material.

Greenwald (under review, 2017). Using reading is restitutive and substitutive

remediation of severe nonfluent aphasia.

Sun, X., and Greenwald, M.L. (under review, 2017). A systematic review of cross-

modality and cross-linguistic semantic assessment in aphasia.

1. Invited and/or Refereed Locally/Regionally

Greenwald, M.L. & Maher, L.M. Diagnostic methods in adult anomia. Presented to the annual meeting of the Speech-Language-Hearing Association of Alachua County, Gainesville, Florida, April, 1991.

Greenwald, M.L. The treatment of adult acquired alexia. Presented to the annual meeting of the Maryland Speech and Hearing Association, Baltimore, April, 1994.

Greenwald, M.L. & Haendiges, A. Acquired reading, writing and spelling disorders: an overview and diagnostic approaches. Presented to the annual meeting of the Maryland Speech and Hearing Association, Baltimore, April, 1995.

Greenwald, M.L. & Rothi, L.J.G. The assessment and treatment of acquired alexia and agraphia.

A short course presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech and Hearing

Association, Traverse City, March, 1996.

Rothi, L.J.G. & Greenwald, M.L. The assessment and treatment of acquired limb apraxia. A short

course presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech and Hearing Association,

Traverse City, March, 1996.

Howell, J. & Greenwald, M. Technical advances in magnetoencephalography (MEG): clinical

applications for the speech-language pathologist. Presented to the annual meeting of the

Michigan Speech and Hearing Association,Ypsilanti, March, 2005 .

Lenk, J., McCarney, C. & Greenwald, M.L. Assessment of the graphemic buffer in dysgraphia:

what’s the advantage? Presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech and Hearing

Association, Ypsilanti, March, 2005.

Mikola, J. & Greenwald, M.L. Assessing aphasia: a cognitive neuropsychological approach.

Presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech and Hearing Association, March, 2005.

Andrews, B. & Greenwald, M.L. A single case analysis of verbal naming. Presented to the annual

meeting of the Michigan Speech and Hearing Association, March, 2006.

Bowyer, S.M., Greenwald, M.L. & Lajiness-O’Neil, R. Neuroimaging of speech and

Language processes with MEG and fMRI. The Michigan Speech and Hearing

Association, Kalamazoo, March, 2008.

Borsenik, N. & Greenwald, M.L. Understanding repetition skills in aphasia. The

Michigan Speech and Hearing Association, Kalamazoo, March, 2008.

Lu, C., Daniels, D. & Greenwald, M.L. (2009). Factors affecting fluency in bilingual

speakers. The Michigan Speech and Hearing Association, Dearborn, March,

2009.

Mikola, J. & Greenwald, M.L. (2009). The effects of frontal lobe damage on

language rehabilitation.The Michigan Speech and Hearing Association, Dearborn,

March, 2009.

Poor, J. & Greenwald, M.L. (2011). Cross-modality assessment of anomia using

environmental sounds. The Michigan Speech and Hearing Association, Dearborn,

March, 2011.

Turcotte, D. and Greenwald, M.L. (2011). Assessment of bimanual gesture

production in limb apraxia. The Michigan Speech and Hearing Association,

Dearborn, March, 2011.

Wolocko, L., Olszewski, E. & Greenwald, M.L. (2011). Reaction time in oral naming:

static versus dynamic contexts. The Michigan Speech and Hearing Association,

Dearborn, March, 2011.

Dennis, J. & Greenwald, M.L. Screening communicative strategies. The Michigan

Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Dearborn, March, 2013.

Turner, L. & Greenwald, M.L. A review of augmentative alternative communication

for persons with aphasia. The Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

Dearborn, March, 2013.

Kurmas, C., Ridella, M. and Greenwald, M.L. Verbal working memory: Pointing span

versus verbal span. The Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

Lansing, March, 2015.

Lambert, S. and Greenwald, M.L. The effects of scoring on diagnosis and treatment

of aphasic anomia. The Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

Lansing, March, 2015.

Naperala, N. and Greenwald, M.L. Yoga as a complementary treatment for

communication disorders. The Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

Lansing, March, 2015.

Meli, E., Manfre, J., Suntres, S. Atkinson, D., Meehan, M., Parrish, J., Lu, C., and

Greenwald, M.L. (2016). Contrasting methods for training verbal names in healthy

adults. Presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing

Association, Grand Rapids, April.

Davis, B., Lu, C. and Greenwald, M.L. (2017). Normative learning data for healthy older adults performing a novel verbal task. Presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association, March.

Greenwald, M.L. and Garza-Prisby, E. (2017). Treatment of severe nonfluent aphasia: Suppressing sentence fragments. Presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association, March.

Greenwald, M.L., Harting, E., Ingraham, B., Meharg, B., Morrow, L., Narkun, J., Reidt, M., Strauss, A., and Tollefson, J. (2017). Factors affecting learning of visual-verbal associations in healthy volunteers. Presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association, March.

Neal, J.W., Garrisi, L. and Greenwald, M.L. (2017). Functional treatment strategies for TBI rehabilitation. Presented to the annual meeting of the Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association, March.

Currently Teaching

  •  SLP 7000      Research Methods in Communication Disorders

  •  SLP 7660      Neurology and Motor Speech Disorders

  •  SLP 7680      Acquired Linguistic and Cognitive Disorders in Adults

  •  SLP 8390      Doctoral Seminar