H. Bernhard Schlegel
H. Bernhard Schlegel
Research Interest/Area of Expertise
Development and application of methods for exploring potential energy surfaces for chemical reactions using molecular orbital calculations
With theoretical calculations it is possible to investigate details of chemical reactions and molecular properties that are often difficult to study experimentally. Molecular orbital computations can be used to explore potential energy surfaces for reactions, determine equilibrium geometries, locate transition states, follow reaction paths and choose between different proposed reaction mechanisms. Heats of formation, NMR spectra, vibrational spectra and a variety of molecular properties can also be calculated reliably by ab initio molecular orbital methods. These calculations are particularly useful for highly reactive molecules and unstable intermediates that are problematic to observe experimentally.
Our lab is involved in both the development and the application of new methods in ab initio molecular orbital (MO) theory. The development efforts are centered around analytical energy derivatives and the use of these derivatives to explore potential energy surfaces. Over the past 30 years, our group and others have developed efficient computer programs to calculate energy derivatives for a variety of levels of ab initio MO theory. Our current efforts include the development of new algorithms using derivatives for geometry optimization, searching for transition states and following reaction paths. We have devised efficient code to compute classical trajectories for molecular dynamics directly from the MO calculations. To aid in the study of radicals, we have developed spin projection methods to obtain more accurate energetics for open shell systems.
The remarkable advances in quantum chemical software and the rapid increase in the speed of computers have opened new realms of chemistry for investigation by ab initio molecular orbital methods. Many of our applications of quantum chemical calculations are in direct collaboration with experimental groups in order to maximize the benefits of our studies. In the area of bio-organic chemistry, we have been looking at oxidative damage to DNA with Cynthia Borrows (U. of Utah), specifically processes involving guanine oxidation. In the area of materials and inorganic chemistry, we have a long standing association with the Winter group investigating precursors for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD). We are working closely with the Verani and Endicott groups on solar energy conversion and water splitting catalysts. Within physical chemistry, we are studying reaction path branching by ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) methods. In collaboration with Wen Li, we are using AIMD to investigate the behavior of molecules in intense laser fields.
Education – Degrees, Licenses, Certifications
- B.Sc., University of Waterloo, Canada, 1972
- Ph.D., Queen’s University, Canada, 1975
- Postdoctoral Fellow, 1976, Princeton University and 1977, Carnegie-Mellon University
- Postdoctoral Fellow Industrial, 1978-80, Merck, Sharp and Dohme
Shi, X.; Thapa, B.; Li, W.; Schlegel, H. B.; Controlling Chemical Reactions by Short, Intense Mid-Infrared Laser Pulses: Comparison of Linear and Circularly Polarized Light in Simulations of ClCHO+ Fragmentation. J. Phys. Chem. A 2016, 120, 1120-26 (10.1021/acs.jpca.5b12327).
Krause, P; Schlegel, H. B. Angle-Dependent Ionization of Hydrides AHn Calculated by Time-Dependent Configuration Interaction with an Absorbing Potential. J. Phys. Chem. A 2015, 119, 10212-20 (10.1021/acs.jpca.5b06481).
Thapa, B; Schlegel, H. B.; Calculations of pKa's and Redox Potentials of Nucleobases with Explicit Waters and Polarizable Continuum Solvation. J. Phys. Chem. A 2015, 119, 5134-44 (10.1021/jp5088866)
Psciuk, B. T.; Schlegel, H. B.; Computational Prediction of One-Electron Reduction Potentials and Acid Dissociation Constants for Guanine Oxidation Intermediates and Products. J. Phys. Chem. B 2013, 117, 9518-31 (10.1021/jp4062412).
Schlegel, H. B.; Geometry Optimization, WIREs Comput. Mol. Sci. 2011, 1, 790-809 (10.1002/wcms.34).
CHM 7470 Quantum Chemistry, 3 credit hours F2017
CHM 5400 Physical Chemistry II, 4 credit hours W2016
CHM 7440 Computational Chemistry, 3 credit hours W2016
CHM 7470 Quantum Chemistry, 3 credit hours F2016